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Key Dates and Events of Perestroika

In a sense, Perestroika in the USSR is a chronological chain of events. This section of the website presents the key events of this period in the history of the USSR. In turn, the tabular format allows for a more concise and structured presentation. Each specific date corresponds to a specific event



March 11, 1985

Election of Mikhail Gorbachev as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. (Gorbachev became the leader of the USSR)

November 19, 1985

The first meeting between Gorbachev and Reagan. The meeting took place in Geneva.

April 26, 1986

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident.

January 27-28, 1987

The January Plenum of the CPSU Central Committee. The report by Mikhail Gorbachev "On Perestroika and the Party's Personnel Policy" marked the beginning of extensive transformations in many areas. Essentially, this marked the start of the Perestroika itself.

May 26, 1988

The Adoption of the Law on Cooperatives. Cooperatives (essentially private companies) were granted the right to hire labor. Essentially, this date marked the beginning of entrepreneurship in modern Russian history. For the Soviet planned economy, this marked a sharp departure from the existing economic system. Essentially, state companies now had competitors – private firms (cooperatives) – albeit with certain restrictions.

February 15, 1989

Withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan

May 25 - June 9, 1989

The First Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR. This congress was televised on Soviet television. The platform for expressing their own views was now available not only to representatives of the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union)

June 12, 1990

The adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

October 3, 1990

Reunification of Germany (GDR joining the Federal Republic of Germany)

June 12, 1991

The election of Boris Yeltsin as the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

August 18 - 21, 1991

August Coup. State Committee on the State of Emergency (GKChP)

September 6, 1991

The State Council of the USSR recognizes the full independence of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia

December 8, 1991

The Belovezha Accords. The leaders of Russia (Boris Yeltsin), Ukraine (Leonid Kravchuk), and Belarus (Stanislav Shushkevich) signed an agreement to establish the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States).

December 25, 1991

The resignation of M.S. Gorbachev from the post of President of the USSR. 7:37 PM - lowering of the USSR flag over the Kremlin.



See also:

§ Quiz on Perestroika in Soviet Union

§ Anti-alcohol campaign during the Perestroika era in the USSR

§ State Acceptance Commission ('Gospriyomka') in the USSR

§ The first McDonald's in the USSR